Real Estate Glossary

Real Estate Glossary

There are 282 entries in this glossary.
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Term Main definition
Gross Building Area

The total floor area in an office building measured in square feet or square meters that is associated with that building's use as office building. The area extends to the outer surface of exterior walls and windows and includes office area, retail area, and other rentable areas such as vending machine space and storage area, but excludes parking and roof space.

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Gross Lease

A lease that provides that that the landlord shall pay all expenses of the leased property, such as taxes, insurance, maintenance, utilities, etc.

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Ground Lease

A lease covering the use of land only, with the lease sometimes secured by improvements installed by the tenant. Also called a "Land Lease."

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Ground Rent

Rent paid for vacant unimproved property. If the property is improved, ground rent is that portion of the total earnings attributable to the land only.

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One who makes a guaranty. See Also: Guaranty

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Agreement whereby the guarantor agrees to pay the debt or perform the obligation of another who fails to do so. Differs from a surety agreement in that there must be a failure to pay or perform before the guaranty can be in effect.

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Hard Dollars

The actual cash proceeds from a loan that are given to the seller. See Also: Soft Dollars

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Highest and Best Use

The reasonably probable and legal use of vacant land or an improved property, which is physically possible, appropriately supported, financially feasible, and that results in the highest value. The four criteria "highest and best use" must meet are: legal permissibility, physical possibility, financial feasibility, and maximum profitability.

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Hold Over Tenant

A tenant who retains possession after the expiration of a lease.

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The acronym for Heating Ventilating and Air-Conditioning. Refers to the equipment used to heat and cool a building.

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Improved Value

An appraisal term that encompasses the total value of land and improvements rather than the separate values of each.

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Generally, the term refers to buildings, but may include any permanent structure or other development, such as a street, utilities, etc. Also "On-Site Improvements."

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Indirect Costs

Development costs other than direct material or direct labor costs, including administrative and office expenses, financing costs and property taxes.

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When referring to a market of office or industrial space, the total amount of rentable square feet of existing and delivered space in a given category, for example, prime office space. Inventory refers to all space within a certain proscribed market without regard to its availability or condition, and can include both office and flex warehouse space.

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Involuntary Conveyance

An involuntary transfer of real property without the consent of the owner, such as by a divorce decree, condemnation, etc.

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